Women’s Hormones

Testosterone in Women!

Yes, women have testosterone in their bodies!  Women tend to make around one-seventh the amount per day compared to men.  But testosterone is important in women also, so correcting deficiency is important.  Testosterone levels can become deficient as we get older, but can start at any age.  It is also common for women who have had their ovaries removed or who are going through menopause to have deficient testosterone.

Functions of testosterone in women include:

* increased bone mass
* increased muscle mass and tone
* increased muscle strength
* increased libido
* improved quality of life
* protects against cardiovascular disease
* prevents aches, pains and arthritis
* reduces breast cancer
* aids in prevention of headaches/migraines


Three different chemicals make up estrogen in the body:

* Estradiol (E1) 80% of a women’s estrogen
* Estriol (E2)
* Estrone (E3)

The estrogen that comprises the most circulating volume in the body is estriol (60-80%), followed by estradiol and estrone (10-20% each).  Estriol is thought to be the weakest acting hormone, but provides a natural hormonal balance in the body.  The female body produces large amounts of estriol during pregnancy and has protective properties against such things as estrogen related cancers.  Estradiol is the most potent of the three estrogens and is produced directly in the ovaries.  It is the estrogen that can relieve vaso-motor symptoms the best.  Estrone is the primary estrogen found in post-menopausal women.  It stores itself in the body fat and has more known cancer properties.

Other functions of estrogen:

* provide maintenance of anti-aging mechanisms
* protect against bone loss
* protects the cardiovascular system by reducing blood pressure by relaxing the lining of blood vessels and preventing plaque build up.
* reduces incidence of diabetes and protects insulin sensitivity through lower insulin levels.
* protects nerve cells and brain function thus helping our memory, improving learning abilities and providing better quality of sleep.
* works as an antidepressant by increasing serotonin levels.
Symptoms of estrogen deficiency:
* symptoms of perimenopause and menopause
* hot flashes
* night sweats
* vaginal dryness
* sagging breasts and/or loss of breast fullness
* mental fogginess
* depression
* changes in mood
* decreased sense of sensuality and sexuality


Progesterone is one of the two main hormones (the other being estrogen) produced each month by the ovaries of menstruating women (and is produced in smaller amounts in the adrenals).  Progesterone is made in the ovaries after ovulation.  This hormone prepares the uterus for a fertilized egg.  If there are no eggs to be implanted then the progesterone level drops causing a shedding of the lining of the uterus (menstrual period).
Other functions of progesterone:
* helps restore a normal sleep pattern
* serves as a natural antidepressant
* helps normalize blood sugar levels
* helps use fat as energy
* strengthens bones and stimulates bone building
* helps restore libido
* improves alertness and gives more energy

Symptoms of progesterone deficiency:

* hot flashes and night sweats
* vaginal dryness
* foggy thinking or memory loss
* depression
* insomnia
* bone loss, aches, or pains
* water retention
* increased risk of uterine or breast cancer
* yeast infections
* hair loss

Thyroid Hormone

Your thyroid gland, through the hormones it produces, influences almost all of your metabolic processes in your body.  Thyroid disorders involve either too much or too little thyroid production. The signs and symptoms can vary but in general tend to develop slowly, often times over a number of years.

Insufficient hormone production leads to hypothyroidism and can cause a variety of symptoms. At first, you may barely notice the symptoms such as fatigue and weight gain, or you may simply attribute them to getting older. But as your metabolism continues to slow, you may develop more obvious signs and symptoms such as:

* Fatigue
* Increased sensitivity to cold
* Constipation
* Dry Skin
* Unexplained weight gain.
* Puffy face
* Thinning hair
* Depression
* Hoarseness
* Muscle aches and tenderness
* Heavier than normal or irregular menstrual periods

Vitamin D

Vitamin D has been shown to play a role in the prevention and treatment of a number of different conditions.  Vitamin D is called a vitamin, however it is really an essential hormone.
Vitamin D is better known for its ability to promote bone strength by increasing calcium absorption, but it is also well known for helping prevent heart disease and cancer.

As a fat-soluble vitamin, vitamin D is naturally present in very few foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement. It is also produced endogenously when ultraviolet rays from sunlight strike the skin and trigger vitamin D synthesis.

Regularly checking your blood levels of Vitamin D is essential because symptoms of low vitamin D are usually unnoticed.  Deficiency:

* bone pain
* cracking sensation in the bones.
* Muscle weakness, fatigue
* back pain
* depression
* lack of concentration
* loss of appetite and weakness

Contact Rejuvene for BHRT and information about Women’s Hormones in Cincinnati

Rejuvene offers Bioidentical Hormone Replacement Therapy and information about women’s hormones in Cincinnati Ohio. If you think you may be a good candidate for BHRT or want more information about women’s hormones, please contact Rejuvene to schedule a consultation. Rejuvene has offices in Cincinnati Ohio and Northern Kentucky (Hebron, KY).

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